41-Relationship Between Critical Care Clinical Pharmacist Activities and Burnout Syndrome
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Behavioral Health and Well Being, Professional Development and Education, 2021
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The Society of Critical Care Medicine's Critical Care Congress features internationally renowned faculty and content sessions highlighting the most up-to-date, evidence-based developments in critical care medicine. This is a presentation from the 2021 Critical Care Congress held virtually from January 31-February 12, 2021.

Susan Elizabeth Smith


Introduction/Hypothesis: A SCCM/American College of Clinical Pharmacy (ACCP) position paper outlines fundamental (e.g., pharmacokinetic monitoring, identify adverse drug events), desirable (e.g., read updated literature, document interventions), and optimal (e.g., develop new pharmacy services, publish research) services of critical care pharmacists. The effort an individual pharmacist spends on these services and how this may affect pharmacist satisfaction has not been characterized. We hypothesized that greater effort spent on optimal services would be associated with lower rates of burnout syndrome.

Methods: A cross-sectional electronic survey was distributed to members of the ACCP Critical Care Practice and Research Network in April 2020. The survey assessed individual/institutional demographics, pharmacist activities, and Maslach Burnout Inventory. The number of activities performed in each category (fundamental, desirable, optimal) was calculated and their relationship with burnout was assessed in binary logistic regression controlling for potentially confounding variables.

Results: The survey was completed by 221 critical care pharmacists. Respondents performed an average of 12±4 fundamental activities (of 18 assessed), 10±4 desirable activities (of 16 assessed), and 6±2 optimal activities (of 12 assessed). Nearly 60% of respondents (n=128) experienced burnout. After controlling for patient census, hours worked, teaching status of hospital, and number of other roles and responsibilities, the number of desirable activities performed was associated with increased risk of burnout (OR 1.40, 95% CI 1.12 – 1.76) while the number of optimal activities performed was associated with decreased risk of burnout (OR 0.76, 95% CI 0.60 – 0.96) and fundamental activities had no association.

Conclusions: Completion of desirable activities was associated with increased odds of burnout whereas optimal activities were associated with decreased burnout. A possibility exists that the higher-level optimal activities bring greater personal satisfaction to a critical care pharmacist than the day-to-day desirable activities. Future research should examine methods of increasing workload in the optimal activity while adequately distributing the fundamental and desirable workload.


Meta Tag
Content Type Presentation
Knowledge Area Professional Development and Education
Knowledge Area Behavioral Health and Well Being
Knowledge Level Intermediate
Knowledge Level Advanced
Learning Pathway Behavioral Health and Burnout
Membership Level Select
Tag Communication
Tag Administration
Tag Well Being
Year 2021
critical care clinical pharmacist
research study
pharmacist activities
Professional Development and Education
Behavioral Health and Well Being
Well Being
Behavioral Health and Burnout


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